Sinjar and last genocides

Sinjar and last genocides

write by: Ali Shingali

1…

 On August 3rd, 2014, the militants of the Islamic State in Iraq and Levant (ISIL) controlled the District of Sinjar (or Shingal) which is the district where the majority of Yazidis live.

 Throughout the history, the Yazidis of Sinjar struggled hard for safeguarding their religion, folklore, heritage and religious traditions and customs as Sinjar (or Shingal) has been occupied many times and been destroyed but it had always been reconstructed by its own  people and throughout the history the people of this district suffered a lot and each time  their houses were been collapsed, their money and goods have been stolen and they have got displaced to safer areas running for their lives.

2…

 In 1921, Sinjar (or Shingal) became an official district belongs to Mosul governorate.  It locates 120 kilometers to the west of Mosul city and is one of the disputed areas between KRG and Iraqi central government.

3…

 The population of Sinjar counts for more than 400,000 of whom 85% are Yazidis. It consists of two sub-districts of Sinon and Qairawan, 11 small towns and more than 100 villages except for Qahtaniya (another Yazidi Sub-district) which administratively belongs to Baaj District.  

4…

 After ISIL took control of Sinjar (or Shingal), its inhabitants were forced to bare foot escape to Kurdistan region leaving behind all they have. They also got scattered in different countries seeking peace and according to what we have of documents, thousands of helpless Yazidis have been killed and been kidnapped and the destiny of many of them is still unknown.

And for the records this was the 73rd mass massacre that been committed against Yazidis throughout their history.

5…

 Yazidis were exposed throughout their history to the most hideous extermination attempts and military extermination campaigns. During these atrocities, they had always made recourse to Sinjar Mount as their safe haven. In the course of these recent catastrophe, thousands of people from Sinjar fled bare footed to this mount just like their ancestors did and they trapped on the mountain fighting dehydration and starvation until a safe way was found to rescue and transfer them to safe locations. It is worth-mentioning that this mountain is 77 kilometers long, 13 kilometers wide, and 1463 meters above the sea level and it is a well-known mountain in the region.

6…

 People of Sinjar have lost all their possessions and according to eye witnesses ISIL militants stole Yazidis' fortune, destroyed their houses and they burned down what they could not take.

7…

 A group of girls who escaped from ISIS captivity confirmed that there is still a lot of Yazidis girls prisoners with ISIS that are been sold by ISIS as sex slaves and that these girls are still experiencing the ugliest practices.

8… 

 According to international laws of war, the children and unarmed civilians are supposed to be protected in times of war but, and to the contrary in the ISIL attack on Sinjar, they were the first victims. And the children who escaped from ISIL prisons confirmed that hundreds of Yazidis children were separated from their families, put in special places and forced to convert to Islamic religion. Moreover, these children who escaped were trained to use various kinds of weapons and as a result, those children that we met were very terrified and their psychological state was worrisome.

9…

 Yazidism is considered one of the first and oldest religions i

n the region and to this day, that its sanctity has been preserved by its followers and it is the first and only religion whose rituals, religious poems and hymns are in Kurdish. Yazidis have lots of sacred shrines in the districts of Sinjar, Sheikhan and other Yazidi-inhabited areas. After ISIS controlled Sinjar district, they blew up a number of these holy shrines.

10...

 Since ancient times, Sinjar was the homeland of the Yezidis, they lived there and suffered a lot of extremist threats there in order to save their religious identity.